Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born scientist well known for his tremendous contribution to physics. Albert Einstein is one of the most celebrated and well-known scientists of the Twentieth Century. He received Nobel Prize in 1921 for his services to theoretical physics. Einstein is best known for his theory of relativity, mass-energy equivalence formula (E = mc2) and the photoelectric effect.
Einstein was a sharp student and always excelled at math and physics from a young age. At a small age of 12, he independently discovered the proof of a Pythagorean theorem. After his graduation in the year 1900, he acquired Swiss citizenship in February 1901. He secured a job in the Swiss Patent Office as an Assistant Examiner – level III.
At the starting stages of his career, Einstein thought that Newtonian mechanics was no longer able to reconcile the traditional mechanics laws with electromagnetic field laws. This led him to develop his own special theory of relativity which is one of the pillars of modern physics. Einstein’s name soon became synonymous with genius.
Einstein published hundreds of books and articles which contributed substantially to the foundation of modern physics. His some of the most popular works include a theory of relativity, Photoelectric effect, E=mc2 (Mass–energy equivalence) theory, E=hf (Planck–Einstein relation) theory, theory of Brownian motion, Einstein field equations, Gravitational wave, Cosmological constant, Unified field theory, Bose-Einstein statistics and Bose-Einstein condensate.
Einstein was Jewish-born and targeted for assassination soon after the rise of the Nazis in his native country Germany. In 1933, he moved to the United States and spent rest of his days of life there.
Albert Einstein earned many prestigious awards for his remarkable work. Nobel Prize in Physics is just one of them. He died on April 18, 1955, at Princeton, New Jersey.