Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister who led civil right movements from 1955 until his assassination in 1968. He became one of most visible spokesperson and leader against racial discrimination. As Martin was inspired by the Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of nonviolence, he is best known for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience.
Martin won the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance in October 14, 1964. On April 4, 1968 he was assassinated by James Earl Ray in Memphis, Tennessee. Although, the work that he had accomplished for civil rights and equality before his death had changed the nation forever.