Nelson Mandela, in full Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, was born on July 18, 1918, in Mvezo, South Africa. He was the black nationalist and the first black president of South Africa. He was the revolutionary political leader who’s negotiations with then president F.W. de Klerk brought the apartheid system of racial segregation to an end in the country. Mandela and Klerk jointly received the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1993, for their mutual efforts in establishing nonracial democracy in South Africa.
Nelson spent his 27 years of life in prison for fighting to dismantle the country’s apartheid regime and for campaigning against the government. After his release, he was elected as President of South Africa in an election when South Africans of all ethnic origins were first time allowed to vote. He served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
Mandela died on 5 December 2013 aged 95, at his home in Houghton.