Stephen William Hawking (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was a British physicist, scientist, professor and author best known for his groundbreaking work with black holes and relativity. In 1963, at the age of 21, Hawking was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a slow-progressing form of motor neuron disease that gradually paralyzed him over the decades.
Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford, England, on January 8, 1942. Even after being paralyzed and loss of his speech he never gave up and continued his scientific works. His research and theories on black holes turned him into a celebrity scientist.
Hawking was the author of several popular science books including ‘A Brief History of Time‘, ‘The Universe in a Nutshell‘ and ‘The Grand Design‘.
On March 14, 2018, at the age of 76, Hawking died after living with the disease for more than 50 years. He is probably the most recognizable and admired scientist of all time.